By Rob Brown
Be inspired by my cabinet design and then customize the size and finish of your cabinet to accommodate the trash bin of your choice, or multiple recyclable bins.
What You'll Need Materials
- solid lumber of your choice (shown: ash)
- 4' x 8' sheet of 1/4" thick G1S plywood
- 3/4" thick scrap offcuts (for bin support and brackets)
- #8 x 13/4" (14) flat head screws
- #8 x 11/4" (4) flat head screws
- hinges 2411-045
- 1' chain
- #8 x 1" (2) pan head screws
- small washers (2)
- waste or recycle bin (shown: 4435-338)
- Breakout lumber for gables, bottom, top, and stretchers to desired cabinet size.
- Glue up panels for gables, bottom, and top.
- Cut gables and bottom to finished size, but leave length of bottom oversized.
- Machine rabbet in gables to accept stretchers.
- Machine 5/8" wide dados in gables to accept bottom.
- Cut bottom to finished length, accounting for depth of dados in gables.
- Machine rabbet in bottom so it will fit in gable dados. (photo 1)
- Machine rabbets in gables and bottom to accept back panel.
- Drill countersink holes in gables through the stretcher rabbet and bottom dados - ensure holes can be plugged after assembly. (photo 2)
- Assemble the cabinet. Be sure to drill small pilot holes through gables, into stretchers and bottom to eliminate splitting. (photo 3)
- Plug holes, then cut/sand flush when dry. (photo 4)
- Machine and attach kick plate.
- Breakout door panel frame to width - create oversized door panel, so it can be trimmed to fit opening later.
- Machine groove in edges of frame to accept panel.
- Cut door frame rails to finished length.
- Machine stub tenons on ends of door frame rails. (photo 5)
- Cut door panel to size.
- Sand and assemble door.
- Cut and install the centre rails on top of door panel.
- Machine bin support and two angled brackets from scrap 3/4 plywood. (photos 6 & 7)
- Use dowels to fasten support to back of door, then attach angled brackets. (photo 8)
- Attach door assembly to cabinet with hinges. (photo 9)
- Trace final dimensions on back of door and cut to size. (photo 10)
- Cut top to final size and route chamfer into front and sides.
- Add chamfered finger hold to side of door.
- Sand entire cabinet.
- Apply desired finish.
- Final assembly of cabinet, including back panel.
- Attach chain to door and cabinet.
|Small Rabbet |
Once the dados are cut into the inner faces of the gables, cut your bottom to length and cut a small rabbet on both of its ends so the bottom fits into the gable. The rabbet should be on the underside of the bottom.
|Pre-Drill the Holes |
Before assembling the cabinet, drill clearance holes through the gables then flip the gables over and drill holes to accept plugs. Drilling from the inside first ensures your holes are centred over the dados and rabbets.
|Pilot Holes |
During assembly, drill small diameter pilot holes through the pre-drilled gables so the bottom and stretchers won’t split.
|Tap in Plugs |
After applying glue to the holes, as well as the outer surface of the plugs, tap them into place.
|Tongue and Groove |
The door frame fits together with a tongue and groove joint. The groove is cut first, and is sized to capture the panel perfectly.
|Use a Dowel Jig |
A dowel jig will help position the holes in the inner edge of the support panel.
|Dowel Centres |
Once the holes are drilled into the waste bin support, insert dowel centres into the holes, position the waste bin support against the inner face of the door where it needs to be and press the waste bin support down. Small indents will be left on the door and mating holes can then be drilled.
|Angled Brackets |
With the angled brackets cut, position them and drill locations for screws. Add glue and assemble the door.
|Install Hinges |
First, open the hinges, and position them on the upper, outer corner of the kick plate, then install the screws to fix the hinges to the cabinet. Next, use supports to help position the door assembly in place, and locate, drill, and install the door assembly.
|Mark the Door |
With the door hinged in place, mark the door so it’s flush with the outer edges of the cabinet. Cut the door so there’s a 1/8” gap between the door and the cabinet top.
Rob Brown designs and builds custom furniture and is editor of Canadian Woodworking and Home Improvement magazine.